Social Media

This guide is for the 7th edition of the APA manual (2020).

Cite only original content from social media. If you used social media to discover a source (e.g. a link to a webpage), cite the original source of the information. Include up to the first 20 words of the post, including hashtags, links, and emojis. Do not alter spelling or capitalization. Replicate emojis if possible, or provide emoji name in square brackets. An emoji counts as one word. Reference any attached photos or videos in square brackets, for example: [Image attached]. For more information, see pp. 348-349 of the APA manual.


Author, A. A. [@Twitter Handle]. (Year, Month

Day). Up to first 20 words of the tweet

[Tweet]. Twitter. URL

Canada Trade. [@CanadaTrade]. (2020, January

17). A HUGE congratulations [clapping

hands emoji] to the Canadian firms on the

2020 Global #Cleantech100 List! [trophy

emoji] Find out how @TCS_SDC

[Infographic attached] [Tweet]. Twitter.


Facebook Post

After the first 20 words of the post, in square brackets describe the post. E.g. [Status update], [Infographic], [Video].

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Up to first 20

words of the post [Description]. Facebook.


Library and Archives Canada. (2020, January

25). The design results from an

unprecedented public process that asked

Ottawa residents, Indigenous communities,

and Canadians from across the country

[Video attached]. Facebook. https://www.


YouTube Video

The person or group who uploaded the video is considered the author.

Author, A. A. [Username if it differs from author].

(Year, Month Day). Title of video [Video].

YouTube. URL

Mattu, A. [The Psych Show]. (2018, August 16).

How to deal with emotions in a healthy

way [Video]. YouTube.



For more examples, see pages 348-350 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association  7th edition, in reference and on reserve at the library, call number: BF 76.7 P83 2020.