Book, 1 author
If the city of publication might be unfamiliar or easily confused with another city, add the abbreviation for the province/state.
Wright, Miriam Carol. 2001. A Fishery for Modern
Times: The State and the Industrialization
of the Newfoundland Fishery, 1934-1968.
Toronto: Oxford University Press.
Book, multiple authors
In the reference list include all authors' names, no matter how many. In your in-text citation for more than 3 authors, list the first author followed by "et al."
Katona, Steven K., Valerie Rough, and David T.
Richardson. 1993. A Field Guide to the
Whales, Porpoises, and Seals from Cape
Cod to Newfoundland. 4th ed. Washington:
Smithsonian Institution Press.
If you downloaded it to your computer, e-book reader, or other device, indicate the format (Kindle edition, Kobo edition, PDF e-book, EPUB e-book).
Austen, Jane. 2007. Pride and Prejudice. New
York: Penguin Classic. Kobo edition.
Include the DOI number or "digital object identifier". If it is not available, include the URL.
Hubbard, Jennifer Mary. 2006. A Science on the
Scales: The Rise of Canadian Atlantic
Fisheries Biology, 1898-1939. Toronto:
University of Toronto Press. https://qe2a-
Edited Book (editor instead of an author)
Add "ed." (or "eds." for multiple editors) after the name or names.
Kelly, Ursula, and Elizabeth Yeoman, eds. 2010.
Despite this Loss: Essays on Culture,
Memory and Identity in Newfoundland and
Labrador. St. John's, NL: Iser Books.
Edited Book (editor in addition to an author)
Pittman, Al. 2003. An Island in the Sky: Selected
Poetry of Al Pittman. Edited by Martin Ware
and Stephanie Mckenzie. St. John's, NL:
Article/Chapter in an Edited Book
Handcock, W. Gordon. 1977. "English Migration
to Newfoundland." In Peopling of
Newfoundland: Essays in Historical
eography, edited by John J. Mannion, 15-
48. St. John's, NL: Memorial University of
Newfoundland, Institute of Social and
Carrier, Roch. 1970. La Guerre, Yes Sir! Translated
by Sheila Fischman. Toronto: Anansi.
Edition of a Book (other than the first)
Add the number of the edition after the title, and after the name of any editor(s) or translator(s).
Butt, Kirk R. 2007. Early Settlers of Bay St.
George. 2nd ed. Whitby, ON: Boonen Books.